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2021 год

ЗАДАНИЕ №1.1-1.4 Present Continuous vs Present Simple

THE PRESENT SIMPLE

Exercise 1.1. Complete the sentences using these verbs in the Present Simple (believe, eat, flow, go, grow, make, rise, tell, translate). Sometimes you need the negative.

Example: 1 The earth goes round the sun. 2 Rice doesn’t grow in cold climates.

3 The sun ... in the east.

4 Bees ... honey.

5 Vegetarians ... meat.

6 An atheist ... in God.

7 An interpreter ... from one language into another.

8 Liars are people who ... the truth.

9 The River Amazon ... into the Atlantic Ocean.

 

Exercise 1.2 You ask Lisa questions about herself and her family. Write the questionsin the Present Simple.

Example: 1 You know that Lisa plays tennis. You want to know how often. Ask her.

How often do you play tennis ?

2 Perhaps Lisa’s sister plays tennis too. You want to know. Ask Lisa.

... your sister ... ?

3 You know that Lisa goes to the cinema a lot. You want to know how often. Ask her.

... ?

4 You know that Lisa’s brother works. You want to know what he does. Ask Lisa.

... ?

5 You’re not sure whether Lisa speaks Spanish. You want to know. Ask her.

... ?

6 You don’t know where Lisa’s grandparents live. You want to know. Ask Lisa.

... ?

 

ЗАДАНИЕ 2.1-2.8 Present Perfect vs Past Simple

THE PRESENT PERFECT

Exercise 2.1.Complete the sentences using the present perfect.

Example: 1 Sally is still here. She hasn’t gone (she / not / go) out.

2 I can’t find my bag. (you / see / it) anywhere?

3 I can’t log on to the website. (I / forget) my password.

4 I sent Joe an email this morning, but (he / not / reply).

5 Is the meeting still going on, or (it / finish)?

6 (the weather / change). It’s colder now.

7 (you / not / sign) the form. Could you sign it now, please?

8 Are your friends still here, or (they / go) home?

9 Paul doesn’t know what he’s going to do. (he / not / decide / yet).

10 ‘Do you know where Julia is?’ ‘Yes, (I / just / see / her).’

11 ‘When is David going away?’ ‘ (he / already / go).’

12 a: (your course / start / yet)?

 

Exrecise 2.2. Put in been or gone.

Example: 1 My parents are on holiday. They’ve gone to Italy.

2 Hello! I’ve just to the shops. I’ve bought lots of things.

3 Tom has just out. He’ll be back in about an hour.

4 Alice isn’t here at the moment. I don’t know where she’s.

 

Exercise 2.3. Read the situations and write sentences with just, already or yet.

Example: 1 After lunch you go to see a friend at her house. She says, ‘Would you like something to eat?’ You say: No thank you. I’ve just had lunch. (have lunch)

2 Joe goes out. Five minutes later, the phone rings and the caller says, ‘Can I speak to Joe?’

You say: I’m afraid . (go out)

3 You are eating in a restaurant. The waiter thinks you have finished and starts to take your plate away.

You say: Wait a minute! ... (not / finish)

4 You plan to eat at a restaurant tonight. You phone to reserve a table. Later your friend says,

‘Shall I phone to reserve a table?’ You say: No, ... (do it)

5 You know that Lisa is looking for a place to live. Perhaps she has been successful.

You ask her: ... ? (find)

6 You are still thinking about where to go for your holiday. A friend asks, ‘Where are you going for your holiday?’ You say: ... (not / decide)

7 Laura went out, but a few minutes ago she returned. Somebody asks, ‘Is Laura still out?’

You say: No, ... (come back)

 

Exercise 2.4. Read the situations and complete the sentences.

Example: 1 Jack is driving a car for the first time. He’s very nervous and not sure what to do. It’s the first time he’s driven a car.

2 Some children at the zoo are looking at a giraffe. They’ve never seen one before.

It’s the first time ... a giraffe.

3 Sue is riding a horse. She doesn’t look very confident or comfortable.

She ... before.

4 Joe and Lisa are on holiday in Japan. They’ve been to Japan once before.

This is the second time ...

5 Emily is staying at the Prince Hotel. She stayed there a few years ago.

It’s not the first ... this hotel.

6 Ben is playing tennis for the first time. He’s a complete beginner. ... before.

 

THE PAST SIMPLE

Exercise 2.5. You ask James about his holiday in the US. Write your questions.

Example: 1 YOU: Where did you go ?

James: To the US. We went on a trip from San Francisco to Denver.

2 YOU: How ? By car?

James: Yes, we hired a car in San Francisco.

3 YOU: It’s a long way to drive. How long ?

James: Two weeks. We stopped at a lot of places along the way.

4 YOU: Where ? In hotels?

James: Yes, small hotels or motels.

5 YOU: good?

James: Yes, but it was very hot – sometimes too hot.

6 YOU: the Grand Canyon?

James: Of course. It was wonderful.

 

Exercise 2.6. Complete the sentences. Put the verb into the correct form, positive or negative.

Example: 1 It was warm, so I took off my coat. (take)

2 The film wasn’t very good. I didn’t enjoy it much. (enjoy)

3 I knew Sarah was busy, so I her. (disturb)

4 We were very tired, so we the party early. (leave)

5 It was hard carrying the bags. They really heavy. (be)

6 The bed was very uncomfortable. I well. (sleep)

7 This watch wasn’t expensive. It much. (cost)

8 The window was open and a bird into the room. (fly)

9 I was in a hurry, so I time to call you. (have)

10 I didn’t like the hotel. The room very clean. (be)

 

THE PRESENT PERFECT VS THE PAST SIMPLE

COMPARE:

□ I have lost my English book. (Present Perfect)

Here I am not thinking of the past action; I am thinking of the present result of the action: I am without an English book now.

□ I lost my English book yesterday. (Past Simple)

Here I am thinking of the action in the past. I don’t say whether I am still without a book.

 

b) Now compare these sentences:

Present Perfect (I have done)

□ I’ve seen Margaret today.

Today is a period of time which continues up to present. It is not a finished time. So we use the Present Perfect. The Present Perfect always has a connection with the present.

today

past.....(unfinished time)........present

□ I haven't had holidays this year.

□ Have you spokenio Jill this morning'? (It is still morning).

□ Have you been ill recently?

□ Brian has lived in Ireland for 6 years (He still lives there).

□ I have never ridden a horse (in my life).

 

Past Simple (I did)

□ I saw Margaret yesterday. Yesterday is a finished time in the past.

So we use the Past Simple. The Past Simple tells us only about the past.

yesterday

past.....(finished time).....present

□ I didn’t have holidays last year.

□ Did you speak to Jill this morning? (It is afternoon now)

□ Were you ill last week?

□ Brian lived in Wales for 10 years (He no longer lives there).

□ I didn’t ride when I was on holiday last summer.

 

Exercise 2.7. Read the sentences below and correct those which are wrong.

Example: Have you written to Barry Lane yet? RIGHT.

В. Shaw has written the play Pigmalion. WRONG - wrote.

1. Newton has been an English physicist._________________________________

2. Oh, vou have come just in time. We’re beginning in a moment.________________

3. Who has invented telephone?________________________________________

4. Have you heard? Paul bought a new car!________________________________

5. Oh, I broke my pencil. Can you lend me yours?___________________________

6. Mv great-grandfather travelled to India once. _____________________________

 

Exercise 2.8. Use the Present Perfect or the Past Simple.

Example: 1. I just (call) him. I have just called him.

2. I (not/call) him yesterday, I was busy.

3. My parents just (go) away.

4. She already (answer) the letter.

5. She (answer) it on Tuesday.

6. My friends (go) away five minutes ago.

7.I (read) that book during the summer holidays.

8. The fisherman (sell) all his fish now.

9. He (sell) the last one half an hour ago.

10. (not / see) him for three years.

11. I (meet) him last week.

12. The newspaper (come)? - Yes, Ann is reading it now.

13. You (wear) your hair long when you were at school? - Yes, my mother (insist) on it.

14. He (not / smoke) for two weeks. He is trying to give it up.

15. When he (arrive)? - He (arrive) at 2.00.

16. You (shut) the window?

17.1 (read) his books when I was at school. I (enjoy) them very much.

18. You (be) here before? - Yes, I (spend) my holidays here last year. - You

(have) a good time? - Yes, the sun never (stop) shining.

19. The clock is slow. - It isn’t slow, it (stop).

20. Here is your dress; I just (mend) it.

 

ЗАДАНИЕ 3.1.-3.5. Past Simple vs Past Continuous

THE PAST CONTINUOUS

Excersise 3.1 Complete the sentences. Choose from:

was looking | was wearing |wasn’t listening | weren’t looking |

was snowing | was working | were sitting | were you going

Example: 1 Today Helen is wearing a skirt. Yesterday she was wearing trousers.

2 ‘What did he say?’ ‘I don’t know. I ... .’

3 We ... at the back of the theatre. We couldn’t hear very well.

4 This time last year Steve ... on a farm.

5 They didn’t see me. They ... in my direction.

6 The weather was bad. It was very cold and it ... .

7 I saw you in your car. Where ... ?

8 I saw Kate a few minutes ago. She ... for you.

 

Execise 3.2. Which goes with which?

Example: 1 When I got to the cafe ... f

2 We fell asleep ...

3 Amy learnt Italian ...

4 Tom didn’t come out with us ...

5 The car began to make a strange noise ...

6 The TV was on ...

7 When I first met Jessica ...

________________________________________________

a when she was living in Rome.

b she was working in a clothes shop.

c when I was driving home.

d but nobody was watching it.

e while we were watching a film.

f my friends were waiting for me.

g because he wasn’t feeling well.

 

THE PAST CONTINUOUS VS THE PAST SIMPLE

Exercise 3.3. Put the verb into the correct form, past continuous or past simple.

Example: 1 Jenny was waiting (wait) for me when I arrived (arrive).

2 ‘What (you / do) at this time yesterday?’ ‘I was asleep.’

3 ‘ (you / go) out last night?’ ‘No, I was too tired.’

4 How fast (you / drive) when the accident (happen)?

5 Sam (take) a picture of me while I (not / look).

6 We were in a very difficult position. We (not / know) what to do, so we (do) nothing.

7 I haven’t seen Alan for ages. When I last (see) him, he (try) to find a job.

8 I (walk) along the street when suddenly I (hear) something behind me. Somebody (follow) me. I was scared and I (start) to run.

9 When I was young, I (want) to be a pilot. Later I (change) my mind.

10 Last night I (drop) a plate when I (do) the washing up. Fortunately it (not / break).

 

Exercise 3.4. Open the brackets. Use the Past Simple in case of permanent, repeated, one-time actions. Use the Past Continuous if the action is a temporary one taking place at a given moment in the past.

Examples: □ He (turn) the car and (start) back towards Delphi.

He turned the car and started back towards Delphi. (one-time action - однократное действие)

□ The local businessmen (like) something solid with their luncheon coffee.

The local businessmen liked something solid with their luncheon coffee (a permanent action - постоянное)

□ I (glance) at the terrace below the balcony. He (sit) under one of the plane-trees, smoking.

I glanced at the terrace below the balcony. He was sitting under one of the plane-trees, smoking. (a temporary action taking place at a moment in the past)

The moment in the past is indicated by an independent sentence - “I glanced at the terrace. ”

1. I (open) the shutters (ставни) and (look) out. The car (stand) where I had left it.

2. Suddenly I (realize) that they (not/pay attention) to me any longer. They (mutter - бормотать) something and all (look) in the same direction. I (turn) my head and (look) where they all (look). A man (come) slowly down a little street that (lead) uphill be-tween the houses on my right.

3. On my left I (see) the lights of the first house of the village, and I (hurry) towards it through the wood when a sudden flash of light (make) me stop.

4. At that time I (look) for a job.

5. Miss Nobbs (not/see) him leave the office. At half past four she (make) herself a cup of tea in a small recess off the main cor-ridor.

6. The idea first (occur) to me that afternoon as I (back) the car into the garage.

7. I probably (drop) the key when I (fish) for small change in my bag at the news-stand.

8. All through the night I (hear) them work, open drawers, drag cases over the floor. They (pack).

 

ЗАДАНИЕ 4.1-4.3. Past Perfect vs Past Simple

THE PAST PERFECT vs THE PAST SIMPLE

Excerse 4.1. Read the situations and write sentences using the words in brackets.

Example. 1 There was a picture lying on the floor. (It / fall / off the wall) It had fallen off the wall.

2 The people sitting next to you on the plane were nervous. It was their first flight.

(They / not / fly / before) They hadn’t flown before.

3 You went back to your home town recently after many years. It wasn’t the same as before.

(It / change / a lot) It

4 Somebody sang a song. You didn’t know it.

(I / not / hear / it / before) I

5 I invited Rachel to the party, but she couldn’t come.

(She / arrange / to do something else)

6 You went to the cinema last night. You got to the cinema late.

(The film / already / start)

7 Last year we went to Mexico. It was our first time there.

(We / not / be / there / before) We

8 I met Daniel last week. It was good to see him again after such a long time.

(I / not / see / him for five years)

9 I offered my friends something to eat, but they weren’t hungry.

(They / just / have / lunch)

10 Sam played tennis yesterday. He wasn’t very good at it because it was his first game ever.

(He / never / play / before).

 

Exercise 4.2. Put the verb into the correct form, past perfect (I had done) or past simple (I did).

1 Paul wasn’t at the party when I arrived. He’d gone (He / go) home.

2 I felt very tired when I got home, so (I / go) straight to bed.

3 The house was very quiet when I got home. Everybody (go) to bed.

4 Mark travels a lot. When I first met him, (he / already / travel)

round the world.

5 Sorry I’m late. The car (break) down on my way here.

6 We were driving along the road when (we / see) a car which

(break) down, so (we / stop) to help.

 

Exercise 4.3. Use the Past Perfect Tense of the verbs given in brackets to complete the sentences.

Example: When John and I got to the river, the boat race (start already) had already started.

1. When she went to bed, she remembered that she (not/switch off the light)_______

2. She felt tired because she (walk a lot/that day)________________

3. She went for a holiday after she (pass the exams) ______________

4. I didn’t know what to do when they (show/me/the picture)________

5. I didn’t look at the present until after she (go)__________________

6. I was very sorry to hear that he (die) _ _ ___________________

7. He didn’t start speaking until the children (leave/the room)________

8. When I met Helen, I understood why Bill (marry her)_____________

9. He understood the book only after he (read it/again)_____________

 

Фрагмент готовой работы:

Exercise 1.1. Complete the sentences using these verbs in the Present Simple (believe, eat, flow, go, grow, make, rise, tell, translate). Sometimes you need the negative. 

Example: 1 The earth goes round the sun. 2 Rice doesn’t grow in cold climates.

3 The sun   rises    in the east.

4 Bees    make    honey.

5 Vegetarians    don’t eat    meat.

6 An atheist    doesn’t believe    in God.

7 An interpreter    translates    from one language into another.

8 Liars are people who    don’t tell    the truth.

9 The River Amazon    flows    into the Atlantic Ocean.

 

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